Irrigation advice system and ICTs
The agricultural sector faces the challenge of increasing food production to meet the demand caused by the growth of the world population. In this scenario, irrigation and the "small agriculture" (SA) will play a central role. SA is the most widespread form of production in the world, with more than 90% of all agricultural holdings (500 million) and contributes more than 80% of food production. Most of the SA in Latin America and the Caribbean uses irrigation based on empirical knowledge, which has caused an inadequate and inefficient management of the water resource. The use of the Irrigation Advisory Service (SAR), widely spread in other regions of the planet, promotes a sustainable water management, providing farmers with the necessary information to achieve a more efficient management of irrigation, as well as data on the water needs of your crops, enhancing savings and better use of water and fertilizers, which increases crop yield. For this purpose, the SAR has a network of agroclimatic stations whose maintenance and management is carried out by the service itself. The objective of the project is to implement SAR using information and communication technologies in pilot areas of Argentina, Nicaragua and Uruguay.
The technological solution
The increasing access to the Internet, smart phones and remote sensing services are an opportunity to transfer information and knowledge to small agriculture. The Irrigation Advisory Service (SAR) will strengthen the decision-making capacity of farmers on water management, through the use of irrigation schedules adjusted to the water requirements of the crops.
Reduce 30 to 50% the yield gap in cotton, alfalfa, onion, tomato and paprika crops through the use of irrigation schedules adjusted to water requirements.
Develop a SAR mobile phone application.
Generate an online SAR website.
900 farmers of the Río Dulce Irrigation System in Santiago del Estero, Argentina.
400 producers from the organizations: Sociedad de Fomento Rural Milgarejo, Cooperativa Agraria Punta del Sarandí and Sociedad de Fomento Rural Canelón Chico, of Uruguay.
250 farmers from the municipalities of El Sauce, Tisma and Ciudad Darío, of Nicaragua.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Nicaragüense de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Nicaragua
- Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) - España
- Wageningen University & Research (WUR) - Holanda
- KILIMO S.A (KILIMO) - Argentina