Family farming in a Latin America and Caribbean vegetable production is characterized by a traditional open field production, highly vulnerable to adverse environmental conditions. (High temperatures, droughts, floods, photo-inhibition), low-tech and lacking in business focus. To this challenge, Fontagro together with four countries Costa Rica, Panamá, the Dominican Republic and Colombia, financed the proposal that aims to contribute to the improvement of the competitiveness of horticultural systems of family agriculture through technological innovations for intensification and diversification. sustainable production under protected conditions.
The technological solution
To respond to the problem, the following activities will be carried out: i) prioritization of horticultural species with greater potential for production in high temperature areas under protected conditions, ii) identify market segments to validate the technological innovations generated, iii) evaluate performance of prototypes of protection structures against biotic and abiotic threats to improve productivity and horticultural quality, iv) validate and adjust technological recommendations to improve the adaptability, productivity and quality of vegetables under protected conditions in family farming systems, v) transfer technologies innovations for the production of vegetables under protected conditions through learning schools and participatory validation, vi) determine the added value of applied technological innovations and vii) consolidate a platform on the Fontagro portal, for the exchange of experiences, knowledge and for talents among the member countries of the proposal, around the issue of vegetable production under protected conditions in the tropics.
Among the main results obtained to date is the diagnosis of value chains, mapping of relevant actors, limitations, and advantages of the production chain in each prioritized region, identification of production alternatives according to supply and demand for production chains, Agroclimatic characterization of pilot sites necessary for the modeling and simulation of structures for Colombia, Panama, the Dominican Republic and Costa Rica. With the information in each region, four greenhouse prototype models and four mesh house prototype models were simulated and designed for the protected environment horticulture system by country.
Meanwhile, the agronomic and physiological behavior of 35 materials from 9 horticultural species under each structure has been evaluated, comparing them with open field production, generating technological recommendations especially in tomato, lettuce, paprika, chili and cucumber species.
The project in its knowledge management component has carried out 38 events, of which 9 were held virtually during 2020 and 2837 people have been trained in horticultural production issues under protected conditions, of which 900 are producers and the 46.7% correspond to women.
The beneficiaries of the project are small vegetable producers located in high temperature areas in Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic.
• 6000 Colombian, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic producers
• 40 producer associations from Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic
• 2500 agricultural technical assistants from Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic
• 300 students of agricultural careers related to the agricultural sector of Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama and the Dominican Republic.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA) - Colombia
- Instituto Dominicano de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales (IDIAF) - República Dominicana
- Instituto de Innovación Agropecuaria de Panamá (IDIAP) - Panamá
- Instituto Nacional de Innovación y Transferencia en Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Costa Rica