Multipurpose silvopastoral systems and family farming
In the Peruvian and Colombian Amazon, most of the rural population is engaged in agriculture, which includes cattle farming as an activity mainly of a family nature. It is notable that livestock farming has generated low sustainability in land use, mainly due to deforestation of forests for pasture establishment. Livestock is responsible for 80% of deforestation in the Amazon region and is responsible for the release of 340 million tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year, equivalent to 3.4% of current global emissions. This situation demonstrates the need to take action and promote sustainable land uses such as silvopastoral systems to improve productivity and prevent the advance of deforestation in this region. The project will implement and monitor Multipurpose Silvopastoral Systems (SSPM) that generate information to design and propose incentive systems. In addition, a regional innovation platform will be developed for the promotion of silvopastoral practices in family farming that will reduce the environmental impact that livestock farming generates as a strategy of adaptation and mitigation to climate change, improving milk production and the profitability of the farmers.
The technological solution
Multipurpose Silvopastoral Systems (SSPM) that generate different alternatives of uses and functions of trees or shrubs, such as forage, seed or fruit production, wood, provision of shade for livestock or as a soil improver.
- Develop a virtual innovation platform for the implementation of SSPM.
- Implement 40 silvopastoral modules in the Amazon region of Peru and Colombia.
- Increase the productivity and profitability of traditional silvopastoral systems by 15%.
- Increase the environmental sustainability of the SSPM by 10% compared to traditional systems.
Ranchers from the Amazon region of Peru and Colombia.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) - Perú
- Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA) - Colombia
- Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) - Perú
- International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) - Colombia
- Universidad de Hohenheim (UNIHOHENHEIM) - Alemania