Sustainable Intensification in Dairy
Within human activities, agricultural activity is the one that consumes most of the available fresh water. Particularly, the dairy uses large volumes of water, directly and indirectly; therefore, it is important to estimate the use of water as an indicator of the long-term sustainability of the dairy. Medium-term projections show that global demand for dairy products will be greater than the growth in supply and that its markets are increasingly demanding guarantees of safety, health, respect for the environment and animal welfare. The current challenge is to produce more with fewer resources (eco-efficiency) and with less global impact on ecosystems.
In some countries, such as Argentina and Uruguay, the life cycle of Carbon in agricultural production systems has begun to be studied, driven by para-tariff barriers and increased market demands, and by the confirmation that both the footprint of Carbon and the water footprint are critical components at the level of primary production. Although, in both countries, national estimates of the Carbon Footprint are being obtained, so far little is known about the issue of the water footprint.
Based on the foregoing, the project proposed to review the current situation and values of the carbon and water footprint in the milk production systems of the participating countries to learn more about the environmental impacts of the intensification processes, and in this way, identify, prioritize, design and formalize a research project aimed at improving the indicators to achieve a rational use of natural resources. Additionally, the regional work and effort will facilitate integration and complementarity among research teams aimed at strengthening innovation networks.
- Identify the research teams of the participating countries that are working on the development of this topic.
- Identify the main critical factors of sustainable intensification in the dairy of the participating countries.
- Characterize the current state of the art on the subject in the participating countries.
- Formulate a research and innovation project on sustainable dairy intensification for the region.
- Researchers from participating countries who will have access to regional research networks.
- Indirectly, milk producers and the processing and marketing industries of each participating country.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
- Dirección de Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria (DICTA) - Honduras
- Instituto Dominicano de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales (IDIAF) - República Dominicana
- Instituto de Innovación Agropecuaria de Panamá (IDIAP) - Panamá
- Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas (INIA) - Venezuela
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Nacional de Innovación y Transferencia en Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Costa Rica
- Instituto Nicaragüense de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Nicaragua
- Instituto Paraguayo de Tecnología Agraria (IPTA) - Paraguay
- Empresa Brasileña de Investigación Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA) - Brasil
- INIFAP - México