Proyecto Consensuado
Título corto

Livestock greenhouse gases reduction in the Andean Region


Cambio Climático Emisiones GEI Ganadería Lechería


Bolivia Colombia Ecuador Perú

Fuente de Financiamiento: fontagro
Monto Solicitado (US$): 368000
Monto de Contrapartida (US$): 500000
Monto total (US$): 868000
Plazo de Ejecución (meses): 42
Resumen Ejecutivo

Ver versión en español.

This project aimed to improve methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions quantification techniques. Furthermore, it intended to generate strategies to help mitigate these emissions in dual-purpose livestock in the Andean Region. This project was structured in five components. The first one consisted of biophysical and socioeconomic characterization of dairy production sites. In a second one, CH4 and N2O emissions were evaluated in production systems (traditional and improved). The third one evaluated feeding strategies to enhance milk production systems and to reduce their emissions. Followed by the development of gas mitigation scenarios for pilot sites. Finally, improvements in research capacities in CH4 and N2O and contribution to public policies. Livestock feeding improvements such as non-structural carbohydrates reductions and/or higher dietary protein resulted in greater 1.34 liters of milk per day and 34% lesser CH4 emissions per liter of milk. 



Livestock feeding improvements such as non-structural carbohydrates reductions and/or higher dietary protein resulted in greater milk  yield per day and  lesser CH4emissions per liter of milk.  

Improved systems had greater milk yield per lactation (2,369 vs. 1,990 kg/lactation) and lower cost of production (0.29 vs. 0.21 $/kg) compared to the traditional ones. Furthermore, CH4 emission per liter of milk was lower in improved systems than in traditional systems (29 vs. 44 g CH4/kg of milk). Hence, feed with lower structural carbohydrates and greater crude protein contents helped to reduce enteric fermentation and enhance milk production.




  • 1 new facility for methane quantification (Corpoica, Colombia) 
  • 1 new facility for quantification of methane and nitrous oxide (UNALM, Peru) 
  • 51 professionals trained  
  • 6 graduate level theses  



Organismo Ejecutor
1. Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Molina (UNALM) - Lima, Peru
2. Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura - IICA Representación Perú
Organismos Co-ejecutores
1. Instituto Nacional Autónomo de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIAP Ecuador
2. Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria - Agrosavia
3. Instituto Nacional de Innovacion Agropecuaria y Forestal  () - La Paz, Bolivia
4. Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) - Lima, Peru
Organismos Asociados
1. New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research Centre (NZAGRC) - Palmerston North , New Zealand
2. CATIE, Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza
Documentos Asociados
Otros Documentos