Sustainable Intensification of Family Farming in Peru and Bolivia
CIRNMA (Perú) and ALTAGRO (Bolivia) develop the CT "Family farming sustainable intensification in Peru and Bolivia" (ATN/RF-16677-RG), sponsored by FONTAGRO. The beneficiaries, 3000 rural students of the Altiplano, will be strengthened in Agricultural Technological Alternatives (ATA's), validated locally, via a Virtual Dissemination Platform (PVD). The PVD (www.cirnma.org) has 44 technical data sheets on ATA's, socialized in 44 workshops. Between May and November 2019, the PVD was visited 1739 times. 31% "downloaded" 40 ATA's 517 times and sent 111 messages of interest. The 14 most discharged ATAs show the need for alternatives that ensure "food for livestock" in dry season (April–October), have potato "seed" (main crop), improve income and optimize water use in the face of climate change. The PVD also recorded 46 reviews (22% women) for 11 ATA's. With 187 students in Peru (44% women) from 03 schools and 326 in Bolivia (36% women), out of 09 schools, 14 ATA's were prioritized and based on them, 06 modules were installed. In addition, 03 students in each country, replicate ATA's in their family systems. The experiences will be "up" to the PVD. As success stories in progress, in Peru, 10 students participated in the CREA Y EMPRENDE Contest and, with information from the PVD managed to be winners. In Bolivia, a potato plot of 2500 m2 has been installed, whose future, in addition to applying productive ATA's, is to create a Rotating Fund in solidarity with the School Boards. We have learned how, by organizing research results (ATA's) into a PVD, it is possible to disseminate them to students, to strengthen their role as future farmers.
The technological solution
Agricultural technology transfer and dissemination has used different methodologies. Each of them, with adequate technical sustainment. However, its development is basically face-to-face, which limits the number of beneficiaries and raises costs.
This CT proposes to disseminate agricultural technology, using a scaling methodology based on a virtual platform. That is, using virtual means that current technology offers, reach the largest number of beneficiaries. In addition, the knowledge and technological innovations to be offered are aimed at students (women and men), who come from households whose main activity is the Peruvian-Bolivian highlands traditional agriculture. In this way, they can enhance their future productive capacity (new farmers) and have a better vision of the goodness of traditional Andean agriculture, which serves as a life support.
The participative scalation from the CT uses a PVD as a tool. With this we accomplished:
- The most discharged ATTs: "alfalfa-forage" (106), "winter wheat" (31), "trout rearing" (26), "potato seed disinfection" (19) and "spray irrigation" (16); evidence of the need for alternatives to have "food for livestock" in dry season; potato seed (main crop); improve water in and enter and use in the face of climate change.
- On the baseline, 65% didn't know about ATA's. Using PVD, 22% of women commented positively on ATA's.
- Based on the PVD, 10 students participated in a National School Competition (Peru), becoming finalists ("Néctar de Izaño"). Another 68, create a Potato Solidarity Revolving Fund (Bolivia).
- With 187 students in Peru (44% women) and 326 in Bolivia (36% women), 05 modules based on 14 agricultural ATA were installed. The result (July 2020) will be "uploaded" to the PVD, respecting credits.
- Six students apply ATA's to their homes. These are: Multiplication of native potatoes by shoots, organic orchards, vegetable greenhouses, colored quinoa, cañihua ecotypes, organic bean, association Clover + Rye Grass, biol production and worm breeding.
Direct beneficiaries 3000 rural students (of both sexes) are direct beneficiaries of the Peruvian-Bolivian Highlands. They, in the near future, will be the next farmers. It is intended to strengthen them in agricultural knowledge, with validated results in their area; through a Virtual Dissemination Platform (as a tool). This knowledge will be complementary to their educational training. By strengthening themselves with agricultural information, which is possible to incorporate into their production systems, these beneficiaries are trying to have a new vision of their own agriculture that allows them to develop personally and family.
Indirect beneficiaries are families of traditional producers, university students and agricultural extensionist professionals who can use the PVD and available ATAs to disseminate them.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Centro de Investigacion en recursos naturales y medio ambiente (CIRNMA) - Perú
- ALTAGRO - Bolivia