Adaptation to climate change of family farming

Code:
ATN/RF-16680-RG
Initiative:
Call for Proposals
FONTAGRO Amount:
USD 300.000
Counterpart Amount:
USD 570.791
Execution time
42 Months
Total Amount:
USD 870.791
Participating countries:
Argentina Argentina Peru Peru
Funding source:
FONTAGRO Amount 34% Other agencies 0% Counterpart Amount 66%

Executive Summary

By the year 2050, the agriculture sector has the challenge to increase production by 60% to feed the world. In Latin America, arid and semiarid regions (where familiar agriculture producer’s main income is extensive livestock breeding) are highly susceptible to climate change, environmental frailty and high levels of rural poverty. In these regions, research and innovation have the challenge to increase production and efficiency contemplating environmental changes. It is in this scenario that the Intensification of Sustainable Agriculture (ISA) presents as the most rational alternative to increase the efficiency and resilience of the production systems. In North Patagonia, Argentina, 90% of the 8,000 livestock producers are of Familiar Agriculture, and are today in a deep crisis. To the recurring draughts, the ashes from Puyehue eruption produced severe damage that the systems could not appease due to their structural precariousness. In Perú, of the 824,000 livestock producers, 31% are poor and 13% are in extreme poverty. Over 50% of bovine stock are breed in surfaces of less than 12 acres, with small herds, high production costs over property fragmentation and weak market articulation. Livestock production, on top of adverse situations such as changes in vegetative coverture that reduces forage availability, has great challenges for both providing food for the population and mitigating its impact on the environment. Today, both INTA and Universidad Agraria La Molina, have developed and validated with producers technologies to increase production indexes, improving the adaptation of the Familiar Agriculture livestock production of each country. These innovations were transferred to demonstrative producers with promising results. Nevertheless more resources and inter institutional work is needed to massify adoption, facilitate access for producers to the market and generate a regional platform for experience exchange.

The technological solution

The project now reaches more than 16,000 family livestock producers in Argentina and Peru through training, webinars, demonstration days, radio programmes and direct work on the farms. The main technological solutions implemented to sustainably intensify and adapt their livestock systems to climate change are: animal management infrastructure such as paddocks and sheds, collection, storage and transport of water for family and animal consumption, improvements in irrigation systems, cultivation of forage species as a protein and/or energy bank, strategic use of feed in the most important animal categories, and links to local markets through fairs and/or associative sales.

Results

More than 16,000 producers have been trained in management practices for climate change adaptation through different means of dissemination in the 4 regions of the project.

In Argentina, in the project's area of influence, silage production by family livestock farmers has more than doubled thanks to trials and training sessions. The production of forage for baling has increased by 50% in this sector, as have the services related to this activity. In Peru, the incorporation of improved pastures increased forage production in demonstration fields by more than 20% and this had a similar impact on milk production. Through training, the number of farmers willing to invest in improving their pastures is increasing, given the important results obtained in the trials. This has led to an 80% increase in water collection, storage and transport on family farms in some areas (Province of Neuquén, Argentina).
In terms of animal management, there has been a 30% increase in the use of electrically fenced paddocks, and the demand for training in their installation and maintenance continues to increase.
In the province of Neuquén, Argentina, in the face of increased predation, the project supported the breeding of livestock protection dogs and promoted training in their correct use. The presence of protection dogs in the herds of family farmers has increased by 400% so far, and demand is increasing. It is estimated that the presence of protection dogs has reduced predation by more than 50% on farms where this non-lethal method of predation control is used.
In terms of joint marketing, in Argentina the project has so far favoured the entry of producers to formal sales of more than 72,000 kg of wool in the 2019-2020 harvest from family producers, who doubled their income through this form of marketing. Work continues through training, workshops and informative meetings on the incorporation of more producers given the advantage generated. The installation of drip irrigation systems in demonstration farms, the adjustment of their management by family farmers and the subsequent on-site training of different communities of practice and the public in general allowed an increase of more than 50% in vegetable production in areas where this technology was incorporated and this in turn increased by more than 60% the presence of fresh produce at local fairs and even the sale of surpluses to other regions. In Peru, there has been a 15-20% increase in milk production from producers trained by the project. It is estimated that more than 250,000 consumers will benefit from healthy and safe products from family farming in local markets in Argentina and Peru.

Beneficiaries

100 demonstration farms in 4 regions of Argentina and Peru where different innovations are being tested for the sustainable intensification of family livestock systems to adapt to climate change. More than 16,000 trained producers who could apply the innovations developed. In addition, there are 250,000 potential consumers in the study areas between the two countries who can benefit from the products generated by sustainable family farming.

Sustainable Development Goals

No poverty Zero Hunger Gender equality Clean water and sanitation Responsible consumption and production Life on land Partnerships for the goals

Main donors

Project news

Supplementation
11/06/2020
Lamb meat marketing
02/06/2020
Drip irrigation
02/06/2020
Water catchment
30/09/2019
Woody mountain
19/08/2019
Creole Willow
14/08/2019
Goat herd review
05/08/2019
Pasture evaluation
04/08/2019
Plot walk-through
01/08/2019
Cashmere Harvesting
25/07/2019
Pruning workshop
25/07/2019
Winter Outing 2019
24/07/2019
Goat Review
21/07/2019
Radio Program
21/07/2019
Radio Program
21/07/2019
Activity planning
21/07/2019
Goat hairstyle
21/07/2019
Early diagnosis
21/07/2019
Water catchment
21/07/2019

Participating Organizations

Executor
  • Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
Co-executor
  • Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
  • Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) - Perú
Associated
  • Asociación de Ganaderos La Asunción de Matahuasi (Asociación de Ganaderos La Asunción de Matahuasi ) - Perú
  • Comité de Ganaderos Juan Guerra (Comité de Ganaderos Juan Guerra) - Perú
  • Cooperativa Agrícola Ganadera Calibui LTDA - Argentina

Graphics and data

Financing by country (in USD)
FONTAGRO Amount Other agencies Counterpart Amount

Geolocated Map

Researchers

Project leader Argentina

Sebastián Villagra

Researcher

Marcos Easdale

Researcher

Carlos Robles

Researcher

Cecilia Conterno

Researcher

Daniel Castillo

Researcher

Diego Sacchero

Researcher

Ezequiel Gonzalez

Researcher

Franca Bidinost

Researcher

Javier Ferrari

Researcher

Nicolas Giovannini

Researcher

Karina Cancino

Researcher

Laura Borrelli

Researcher

Marcela Cueto

Researcher

Marcela Larroza

Researcher

Agustín Martínez

Researcher

Jimena Fernández

Researcher

Leonardo Claps

Researcher

Octavio Bruzzone

Researcher

Pablo Gáspero

Researcher

Andres Gaetano

Researcher

Hilda Rocio Alvarez

Researcher

Ivan Centelles

Researcher

Julio Ojeda

Researcher

Juan Pablo Mikuc

Researcher

Paula Ocariz

Researcher

Rodrigo Navedo

Researcher

Pablo Tittonell

Researcher

Virginia Velasco

Researcher

Pablo Valiña

Researcher

Andrea Cardozo

Researcher

Alejandro Mogni

Researcher

Abel Martínez

Technician

Fernando Umaña

Communication

Paula Lagorio

Communication

Juan Pablo Duprez

Communication

Diego Garcia

Communication

Santiago Marciani

Communication

Gabriela Beretta

Thesis student

Sofía Hara

Sponsors
BID
IICA
With the support of
Fondo Coreano de Alianza para el Conocimiento en Tecnología e Innovación (KPK)