Adaptation to climate change of extensive family farming
By the year 2050, the agriculture sector has the challenge to increase production by 60% to feed the world. In Latin America, arid and semiarid regions (where familiar agriculture producer’s main income is extensive livestock breeding) are highly susceptible to climate change, environmental frailty and high levels of rural poverty. In these regions, research and innovation have the challenge to increase production and efficiency contemplating environmental changes. It is in this scenario that the Intensification of Sustainable Agriculture (ISA) presents as the most rational alternative to increase the efficiency and resilience of the production systems. In North Patagonia, Argentina, 90% of the 8,000 livestock producers are of Familiar Agriculture, and are today in a deep crisis. To the recurring draughts, the ashes from Puyehue eruption produced severe damage that the systems could not appease due to their structural precariousness. In Perú, of the 824,000 livestock producers, 31% are poor and 13% are in extreme poverty. Over 50% of bovine stock are breed in surfaces of less than 12 acres, with small herds, high production costs over property fragmentation and weak market articulation. Livestock production, on top of adverse situations such as changes in vegetative coverture that reduces forage availability, has great challenges for both providing food for the population and mitigating its impact on the environment. Today, both INTA and Universidad Agraria La Molina, have developed and validated with producers technologies to increase production indexes, improving the adaptation of the Familiar Agriculture livestock production of each country. These innovations were transferred to demonstrative producers with promising results. Nevertheless more resources and inter institutional work is needed to massify adoption, facilitate access for producers to the market and generate a regional platform for experience exchange.
The technological solution
Around 100 family livestock farmers in Argentina and Peru implement technological innovations in their farms such as: forage evaluation and adjustment of carring capacity, strategic supplementation and sanitary plan, generate management infrastructure such as paddocks and sheds, capture, store and transport water for family and animal use, improve their irrigation systems, cultivate forage species as a protein and / or energy bank and are linked to local markets through fairs and / or associative sales.
We work with 120 family farms, 100 of them are demonstrators and 20 are surveyed as a control group. At the end of the first year we obtained a baseline of animal and forage production from the demonstrator and control participating producers in each region and country. At the end of the project we hope to have increased meat, wool and milk production by 25% and by 30% the sale of their products to local markets in the demonstration fields compared to the control group. More than 500 neighboring are are trained in management practices for adaptation to climate change based on the demonstrator fields. Through the dissemination we are reaching more than 10,000 family producers in the 4 project regions, who will be able to benefit from this knowledge generated in the region. More than 250,000 consumers will benefit from healthy and safe products from family farming in local markets.
100 farms of demonstrative producers in 6 regions of Argentina and Perú. Another 500 producers will be direct beneficiaries who will receive training directly related to innovations in neighboring demonstration fields. Approximately 4600 producers of AF in Argentina are considered indirect beneficiaries, while in Peru, 2300 families could apply the innovations developed. In addition, there are 250,000 potential consumers in the study areas between the 2 countries.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas (INIA) - Venezuela
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- NADBIO - Venezuela
- Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) - Perú
- Asociación de Ganaderos La Asunción de Matahuasi (Asociación de Ganaderos La Asunción de Matahuasi ) - Perú
- Comité de Ganaderos Juan Guerra (Comité de Ganaderos Juan Guerra) - Perú
- Cooperativa Agrícola Ganadera Calibui LTDA - Argentina