Gene editing for improvement in plant and animal species
Breeding of crops and animals is one of the permanent challenges in the agricultural sector looking for increasing yields and / or improving the quality of products. FAO argues that, to meet food demand in the next 32 years, agriculture must produce between 50 and 70% more food, fodder and biofuels than it did a decade ago. The CRISPR-based gene edition (GE) is one of the new biotechnologies with the greater potential to meet this objective. GE is strongly based on the knowledge of the functions of the genes of crops and animals and can assist conventional breeding to generate breeds or varieties with novel and desirable characteristics, in short time frames. There are proofs of concept that allow us to see an enormous potential of these techniques through in important crops such as corn, cotton, rice, potatoes, soybeans, and in breeding animals such as cattle, sheep and pigs. The goal of this project is to consolidate the regional capacities for research and innovation in GE for the breeding of species of agricultural interest as a contribution to technological sovereignty, to the added value of production and to the productive, economic and social development of the Region. .
The technological solution
- Potato varieties with improved health and nutritional and industrial quality.
- Soy varieties suitable for monogastric consumption (pigs, poultry, fish).
- Genetic lines of animals with modified characteristics to generate products and / or by-products of interest for livestock production.
- Improve plant health, nutritional value and industrial quality of new potato varieties.
- Increase differentiated quality of soybean for monogastric consumption.
- Generate animals (cattle and sheep) with new characteristics of interest for livestock production.
- Constitute a gene editing platform (GEP) through the consolidation of regional R&D capacities in species of agricultural interest.
Research groups and public and private genetic breeding programs in the Region that will see increased capacities.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
- Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA) - Colombia
- Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) - Chile
- Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
- Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) - Ecuador
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Paraguayo de Tecnología Agraria (IPTA) - Paraguay
- Consorcio Papa - Chile
- Empresa Brasileña de Investigación Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA) - Brasil
- Programa Cooperativo para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Agroalimentario y Agroindustrial del Cono Sur (PROCISUR) - Uruguay
- Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) - Argentina
- UdelaR - Uruguay
- Asociados Don Mario SA (Asociados Don Mario SA ) - Argentina
- Asociación de Cooperativas Argentinas (ACA) - Argentina