Gene editing for improvement in plant and animal species
The improvement of crops and animals is one of the permanent challenges in the agricultural sector for the increase of the yield and / or the quality of the products. FAO argues that, to meet food demand in the next 32 years, agriculture must produce between 50 and 70% more food, fodder and biofuel than it did a decade ago. The CRISPR-based gene edition (EG) is one of the new biotechnologies with the greatest potential to meet this objective. The EG is strongly based on the knowledge of the functions of the genes of crops and animals and can assist conventional improvement to generate breeds or varieties with novel and desirable characteristics in short time frames. There are proofs of concept that allow us to see the enormous potential of the technique through developments in important crops such as corn, cotton, rice, potatoes, soybeans, and in breeding animals such as cattle, sheep and pigs. The objective of this project is to consolidate the regional capacities for research and innovation in EG for the improvement of species of agricultural interest as a contribution to technological sovereignty, to the added value of production and to the productive, economic and social development of the Region. .
The technological solution
- Potato varieties with greater health and nutritional and industrial quality.
- Soy varieties suitable for monogastric consumption (pigs, poultry, fish).
- Genetic lines of animals with modified characteristics to generate products and / or by-products of interest for livestock production.
- Increase the health and nutritional and industrial quality of new potato varieties.
- Increase the differentiated quality of soybean for consumption by monogastrics.
- Generate animals (cattle and sheep) with new characteristics of interest for livestock production.
- Constitute a gene editing platform (EG) through the consolidation of regional capacities for research and innovation in species of agricultural interest.
Research groups and public and private genetic improvement programs in the Region that will see increased capacities.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
- Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA) - Colombia
- Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) - Chile
- Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA) - Uruguay
- Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) - Ecuador
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- Instituto Paraguayo de Tecnología Agraria (IPTA) - Paraguay
- Empresa Brasileña de Investigación Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA) - Brasil
- Programa Cooperativo para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Agroalimentario y Agroindustrial del Cono Sur (PROCISUR) - Uruguay
- Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) - Argentina
- UdelaR - Uruguay
- Asociados Don Mario SA (Asociados Don Mario SA ) - Argentina
- Asociación de Cooperativas Argentinas (ACA) - Argentina