More productive and sustainable rice for Latin America
Rice is the fourth most consumed food in Latin America and contributes on average to 11% of the caloric intake per capita in the countries of the region, making it a fundamental basis for food security. Currently, there are an estimated 5.3 million hectares cultivated with rice in the Americas, mostly by small producers. The high climatic variability associated with climate change has caused less water availability, which in turn affects rice production and the well-being of rice producers. This is why more efficient, resilient and environmentally friendly systems are required to remain productive in the face of climate change. The Intensive Rice Farming System (SRI or SICA) has allowed to increase yields and reduce the use of water and agrochemicals in production, contributing to the development of a more sustainable agriculture and allowing the development of plants more resilient to the shocks of climate change. SICA has not yet been evaluated in Argentina and other countries in the region, so its application could be promising. The objective of the project is to disseminate the knowledge generated in the countries where the SICA methodology has already been adapted, validated and used, in order to advance in the regional scaling of this technology.
The technological solution
The Intensive Rice Cultivation System (SICA) favors the development of the plant improving efficiency in the use of nutrients, light and water. It is based on the incorporation of biomass to the soil, transplanting young seedlings, in low density, placing one seedling per site, using irrigation (not flooding) and mechanical control of weeds.
The results are: Increase the yield of rice cultivation of the intervened plots by at least 1 ton/ha, reduce the use of agrochemicals used in rice cultivation by 10%, reduce by 30% the use of rice seed in the intervened areas and reduce the production costs of rice cultivation by 20%.
The beneficiaries of the project are 120 rice producers from Chile, 105 from Panama, 450 from Argentina and 300 from Venezuela. There are 28 beneficiary rice producing farms: 10 in Chile, 10 in Panama, 5 in Argentina and 3 in Venezuela. Likewise, 45 technicians trained in the SICA system are considered beneficiaries: 12 in Chile, 15 in Panama, 15 in Argentina and 3 in Venezuela.
Sustainable Development Goals
- Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) - Chile
- Instituto de Innovación Agropecuaria de Panamá (IDIAP) - Panamá
- Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) - Argentina
- Fundación ArgenINTA (ARGENINTA) - Argentina
- FLAR - Colombia
- Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA) - Chile
- Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL) - Argentina
- Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos (UNER) - Argentina
- Fundación Nacional del Arroz de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (FUNDARROZ) - Venezuela