According to the 2014 study, “Agriculture and Future Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean: Systemic Impacts and Potential Responses” published by the IDB, the main changes in agriculture resulting from the impact of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean are atmospheric and soil temperatures, decreases in top soil moisture, sea level rise and CO2 fertilization.
Agriculture is also impacted by the intensification of weather events. The frequency of floods and draughts in the American continent has increased twenty-fold between the first half of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Thus, those most affected by climate change are family farmers, who usually work in precarious conditions, and have limited access to technical, financial, and knowledge products.
In LAC, this segment is composed of 17 million small farms belonging to farmers, representing 40% of the total production.
Several low-cost innovations can contribute to improving the yields of small-scale agricultural endeavors, and also help small-scale farmers to be more resilient. As a consequence, higher income usually allows farmers to have more resources to better adapt to climate change.
Some examples of technologies developed by FONTAGRO projects to adapt to climate change:
Learn about our 2015 contest on Successful Cases, which had climate change as its central theme.